Our History

It is possible to see, in every corner of the country, the efforts for manifesting and exploiting the mining potential of Anatolia and the endeavor made from prehistoric times until today. In Turkey, the archaeological finds on mining date back to 7000s B.C. Taking into consideration the sale of obsidians extracted in eastern Anatolia to the surrounding tribes through barter during the neolithic period, the importance of Anatolian Civilizations in mining across the world stands out much more clearly.

[(1890) Transportation of pandermite from Sultançayir Boron Quarry]
Eti Bank (Eti Maden), the name of which was given by our Great Leader Atatürk inspired by the Hittite (in Turkish "Eti") Civilization who lived and advanced in mining in the fertile soil of Anatolia, has an important role in our country's mining sector thanks to its activities. Following the periods of world economic crisis and our country's War of Independence, Etibank that offers a combination of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's timeless foresight and industrialization with its driving forces 'natural resources and financial facts', was established on 14.06.1935 under the Law No. 2805 and was named "Eti Holding Inc." following the structuring in early 1998 and "Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü" after the re-structuring in January 2004.


Some important milestones for Eti Maden since its establishment are as follows:

  • 1935

    Upon Atatürk's instruction, Etibank was established on 14/6/1935 under the Law No. 2805 in order to produce the minerals, industrial raw materials and energy needed by our industry to exploit and make use of the underground sources of our country.

  • 1939

    Ergani/Elazığ Copper Works and Guleman/Elazığ Chrome Works were established.

  • 1955

    Iron mining and iron and steel production works were handed over to Turkish Iron and Steel Enterprises.

  • 1957

    Coal mining was handed over to Turkish Coal Enterprises. Üçköprü/Muğla Chrome Works and Antalya Electrometallurgy Works were established.

  • 1958

    Emet/Kütahya Colemanite Works was established.

  • 1959

    Küre/Kastamonu Copper Works was established.

  • 1960

    Halıköy/İzmir Mercury Works was established.

  • 1964

    Bandırma/Balıkesir Borax Works was established.

  • 1965

    Seydişehir/Konya Aluminum Works was established.

  • 1968

    Milas/Muğla Bauxite Works was established. Karadeniz Copper Enterprises and Çinkur were established.

  • 1970

    Kırka/Eskişehir Borax Works was established.

  • 1972

    Şarkkromları/Elazığ Ferrochrome Works and Cumaovası/İzmir Perlite Works were established.

  • 1974

    Beyşehir/Konya Barite Works and Mazıdağı/Mardin Phosphate Works were established.

  • 1976

    Bigadiç Boron Works was established.

  • 1979

    Gümüşköy/Kütahya Silver Works was established.

  • 1980

    Gümüşköy/Kütahya Gümüş İşletmesi kuruldu.

  • 1982

    On 08.04.1982, our organization entered into a partnership with Ab Etiproducts Oy founded by Outokumpu in Finland in 1982 with a stake of 50% pursuant to the Council of Ministers’Resolution No. 7/18331 of 16/10/1979. In 1995, shareholders and capital allocation of Etimine SA was changed due to its partnership with a stake of 50%.
    * Our subsidiary established "Etiproducts Ltd” in Russia on 10/3/2005, as a sub-affiliate of Ab Etiproducts Oy.

  • 1983

    The first and the biggest foreign-invested company of Turkish mining industry, Çayeli Copper Works Inc./Rize with which Etibank entered into a partnership with a stake of 45% was established

  • 1984

    Our organization has participated, as a shareholder, in Etimine SA founded in Luxembourg on 12.01.1984 pursuant to the Economic Affairs Supreme Coordination Council's Resolution No. 87/6 of 22/4/1987. Etimine SA's subsidaries in Germany, Italy, United States and China:
    * Etimine GmbH (founded on 22/7/1988 in Germany) was transferred to Etiproducts OY under the name "Etiproducts GmbH" on 1/7/2014.
    * Etimine Italia SRL was founded on 1/3/1988 in Italy and winded up on 26/11/2013.
    * Etimine USA Inc was founded on 24/8/2000 in the United States.
    * Etimine International Trade Co. was founded in 2006 as a representative office in China and structures as a trade company under the name "Shangai Etimine International Trade Co." on 3/9/2010

  • 1998

    By the Council of Ministers Resolution No. 98/10552 of 26/1/1998, our organization was restructured as Eti Holding Inc. and its subsidiaries. In this context, Eti Holding Inc. and as its subsidiaries Eti Boron Inc., Eti Aluminium Inc., Eti Chrome Inc., Eti meat Electrometallurgy Inc., Eti Silver Inc., Eti Copper Inc. and Eti Marketing and Foreign Trade Inc. were founded.

  • 2000

    Pursuant to High Board of Privatization's (ÖYK) Resolution No. 2000/63 of 28/7/2000, "Eti Copper Inc." and pursuant to the Board's Resolution No. 2000/76 on 10/10/2000, “Eti Chrome Inc., Eti Electrometallurgy Inc. and Eti Silver Inc.” were included in the privatization scope and program and excluded from the organization.

  • 2000

    Pursuant to the Council of Ministers’ Resolution No. 2000/283 of 8/2/2000; Eti Zeolite Chemical Industry and Trade Inc., one of the affiliates of the organization, has become a subsidiary of the Organization. Pursuant to the Higher Planning Council's (YPK) Resolution No. 2004/T-39 of 30/12/2004, its "affiliate" status was changed and it was transferred to the Eti Mine Works General Directorate.

  • 2001

    Pursuant to YPK's Resolution No. 2001/T-9 of 26/4/2001, the "affiliate" status of "Eti Marketing and Foreign Trade Inc." was revoked and it was transferred to the Organization.

  • 2003

    Pursuant to ÖYK's Resolution No. 2003/49 and 2003/45 of 13/8/2003; Eti Aluminum Inc. was included in the privatization program.

  • 2004

    Pursuant to the Council of Ministers' Resolution No. 2004/6731 of 9/1/2004, the name of "Eti Holding Inc." was changed into "Eti Mine Works General Directorate" and the company was reorganized. Accordingly; Bigadiç, Emet, Kırka and Kestelek Boron Works Directorates and the Directorates of Bandırma Boron and Acid Works affiliated to Eti Boron Inc., subsidiary status of which was revoked, were transferred to Eti Mine Works General Directorate.

  • 2005


  • 2010

    Pursuant to the Board of Directors' Resolution No. 358/8 of 24/6/2010, Kestelek Boron Works was changed into the Chief Engineering Department of the Directorate of Bigadiç Boron Works.

  • 2011

    Pursuant to ÖYK's Resolution No. 2011/14 of 21/2/2011, 28.2% subsidiary share of Eti Mine Works General Directorate in Hidrojen Peroksit Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. was included in the privatization scope and program.

  • 2009-2013

    A total profit of 3.2 billion TL was made and 2 billion TL of dividend was paid to the Treasury during the 5-year period between 2009 and 2013. Eti Mine Works has justified pride of its contributions to our country's national economy and employment.

  • 2013

    The wildlife and human health-friendly "Eti Matik" Boron Cleaning Product, the content of which is composed of natural raw materials, was produced

  • 2002-2014

    32 major projects completed and brought into service.

  • 2014

    Pursuant to the Board of Directors' Resolution No. 621/3 of 9/4/2015, “Beylikova Florit, Barit ve Nadir Toprak İşletmeleri İşletme Müdürlüğü” was established.

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